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All About Corona Virus Disease?

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PunyaHealth Experts

Published on 04 Apr 2020

All About Corona Virus Disease

All About Corona Virus Disease

The Novel Coronavirus Disease detected last year in China’s Wuhan, has now spread to almost 202 countries, affecting around 7,50,000 people with more than 36,000 deaths due to it. On 11th of January 2020, the WHO declared the Coronavirus Disease as the Global Pandemic and emphasized the need for the countries to take immediate actions to detect and  treat and also take steps to reduce the transmission of the virus to save the lives of people.

What is Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19)?

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus – 2 is the name given to the 2019 novel coronavirus and COVID -19 is the name given to the disease caused due to it. It is an Infectious Disease caused by a new virus SARS-CoV-2. It causes respiratory illness with symptoms such as cough, fever and in severe cases causing difficulty breathing.

How does the Virus Spread?

The Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) mostly spreads through the droplets  an infected person produces when he/she coughs or sneezes. If a healthy individual inhales these droplets or touches his eyes, ear, or nose after getting in touch with the surfaces contaminated by the infected person like shaking hands , interacting with door knobs, handles etc there is a  higher chance of getting infected with the disease.

You can be infected by breathing in the virus if you are within 1 metre of a person who has COVID-19. Since there is no vaccine or antiviral treatment yet, we need to take proper precautionary measures to avoid further transmission.

 The Indian Government in this regard has taken a significant move to Lockdown the entire country for 21 days to stop the transmission chain and save the lives of our citizens. It is our duty to take it on a serious note and together fight for this fatal pandemic.

What are the Symptoms of COVID-19 Infections?

The symptoms of the novel coronavirus disease vary from being completely asymptomatic to having fever, cough, sore-throat, fatigue, general weakness, etc. and in severe cases having severe pneumonia, respiratory failure leading to even death.

What are the Necessary Precautions to Protect Lives from COVID-19?

1.     Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol content in it.

2.     Do not touch your face, eyes, nose or mouth.

3.     Cover your face with a tissue or a piece of cloth while sneezing or coughing and quickly dispose of it safely.

4.     Practice social distancing even in family, by maintaining at least one meter distance.

5.     For senior citizens suffering from diabetes, heart disease, or any other medical conditions, it is crucial to maintain social distancing as they are more likely to develop severe disease.

6.     Avoid handshake and hugs while greeting people.

 7.     If you have fever, cough or breathing difficulties,isolate yourself and seek medical help immediately.