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Cervical or cone biopsy?

PunyaHealth Experts -

PunyaHealth Experts

Published on 12 Jul 2020

Cervical or cone biopsy

The procedure of cervical or cone biopsy: All you need to know about it


A Cervical (Cone) Biopsy is usually done to remove a cone-shaped tissue from the cervix. The tissue removed is then examined thoroughly under a microscope to see if there is an abnormal growth of cell lines. The tissue removed is high in the cervical canal. The tissue might be present in the outer lining of the cervix or the inner part of the cervix.

Reasons to have Cervical (Cone) Biopsy

Your doctor may recommend Cervical (Cone) biopsy if the screening of cervical cells show abnormal growth of cells. It is also performed if you have any symptoms that are similar to that of cervical cancer. The entire cone of tissue is removed with a healthy line of cells, to determine the margin to which the cells have shifted.

The procedure

Though the Cervical (Cone) Biopsy sounds like an operation, it is generally a simple procedure that takes about 15-20 minutes.

The procedure is done under general or regional anesthesia, which means the genital area will be numb during the procedure. You will be given an injection or medicine for anesthesia.

You have to lie on your back and put up your legs and rest them on footrests (stirrups).

The doctor will insert a lubricated tool called Speculum inside your vagina.

Speculum opens wide your cervix and vagina to help proper examination of your genital parts.

The cone-shaped tissue is removed from the cervix using a surgical knife, carbon dioxide laser, or LEEP.

The tissue collected is then sent to the laboratory for its screening and checking whether it has cancerous growth.

The doctor then cleans the area and packs it with some gauze. This is done to prevent heavy bleeding.

Sometimes, to prevent the gauze from getting hampered, a tube can also be inserted for urination.

You will be shifted to your ward and take rest until you become completely conscious.

After the procedure

After the Cervical (cone) biopsy is done, you might feel discomfort or pain in your lower abdomen. This must be told to the doctor or the nurse. You will be given strong pain relievers for this which will help to withstand the discomfort. The pain will last only for one or two hours. After you are completely awake, you can eat and drink.

You might experience little bleeding, up to six weeks, but that is absolutely normal. You will be prescribed medicines to reduce the bleeding.