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Hormonal tests in infertility?

PunyaHealth Experts -

PunyaHealth Experts

Published on 24 May 2019

Hormonal tests in infertility

Hormonal tests in infertility

If you and your partner have been trying to have a baby for a long time and are unable to conceive, you will eventually start to wonder if you should get yourself tested or not. Especially if you over the age of 35 and have been trying for more than 6 months. It is better to get checked as early as possible so that you can take steps according to your result.

There are several hormones that are responsible for ovulation and implantation of the egg including:

1. Estradiol

Responsible for the growth of the follicle, this hormone produces fertile mucus preparing the uterus lining for the implantation of the fertilized egg.

2. Progesterone

It stabilizes the uterus lining and supports early pregnancy.

3. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

This hormone is responsible for the stimulation of the egg’s release from the follicles.

4. Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH)

It stimulates the egg’s development.

Both, you and your partner need to visit the clinic together. The doctor will ask you a few questions about your lifestyle and sex life. This includes your medical history, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, exposure to chemicals or radiation, history of birth control, STDs, etc. Depending on these, the doctor will suggest one of the following Infertility tests:

1. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

If you are not having periods, it might be because of the absence of this hormone. It stimulates the fertile growth of the follicle that contains the egg.

2. Luteinising Hormone (LH)

Before ovulation, this hormone stimulates the follicle’s growth that contains the egg. If you have irregular or no periods, the reason could be an elevation in this hormone. It can be low in women who have lost a lot of weight.

3. Androgens

Androgen levels can be increased due to the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) that can cause problems in ovulation.

4. Thyrotrophin (TSH)

If the thyroid gland is underactive, the hormone level in the body could get abnormal. This also leads to irregular periods.

5. Prolactin (PRL)

Prolactin plays an important role in the preparation and establishment of the mammary glands for breastfeeding. It is elevated during pregnancy. However, even when you are not pregnant, the Prolactin level in the body can be increased. It is common in women who have infrequent or no periods. It can because due to the intake of certain medications. Another reason for this is the presence of a small tumor in the pituitary gland.