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Hormone therapy?

PunyaHealth Experts -

PunyaHealth Experts

Published on 12 Jul 2020

Hormone therapy

Role of hormone therapy in treating women health issues

Overview

There are two hormones produced by a woman’s ovaries - Estrogen and Progesterone. Several health benefits of these hormones are there in a woman’s body. Estrogen helps in thickening of the uterine walls for the fertilized egg to implant. It also maintains in building bones and vaginal health.

During the menopause, these hormones are less produced by the women’s body. Various menopause symptoms like hot flushes and the medical issue of osteoporosis can be detected.

What is Hormone Therapy (HT)?

The treatment of Hormone Therapy (HT) is used to supplement a woman’s body with these hormones. It is also known as Hormone Replacement Therapy.

When the ovaries scarcely produce these hormones, this therapy can replenish the estrogen or both the estrogen and progesterone hormones during menopause to get relief from some of the symptoms.

Progesterone hormones are supplied along with estrogen to women who possess the uterus to prevent the risk of endometrial cancer by thinning the lining of the uterus. It is not required for women who have undergone hysterectomy (removed uterus).

Types of Hormone Therapy

Two main types of Hormone Therapies are suggested by doctors:

Estrogen Therapy (ET)

Estrogen Progesterone/Progestin Hormone Therapy (EPT)

Hormone Therapy for Breast Cancer

Hormone therapy, also known as Endocrine therapy, is required in some types of breast cancer in which the cancer cells possess receptors that attach to estrogen and progesterone. Through this treatment, the attachments to the receptors are stopped.

This treatment is used to treat women suffering from breast cancer with hormone receptor-positive tumors. The HT can’t be used on those tumors that don’t have hormone receptors.

Reasons for Hormone Therapy

It is usually done after surgeries so that cancer doesn’t reappear. It can be initiated before surgery as well which might take almost 5 to 10 years. Hormone Therapy is also used in treating reoccurred cancer after treatment or cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.

How does Hormone Therapy work?

Most of the breast cancers are hormone receptor-positive. The cancer cells keep growing and spreading with these receptors (proteins) that are attached to either estrogen and/or progesterone. The Hormone therapy helps in stopping or lowering the estrogen levels from attaching to these breast cancer cells.

Remember, Hormone Therapy for breast cancer is different from Hormone Replacement Therapy. Both have few benefits and some risk factors. It is totally up to a woman’s body, age, medical history, and family history on how the therapy will balance.