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Types of hysterectomy that every woman should know?

PunyaHealth Experts -

PunyaHealth Experts

Published on 12 Jul 2020

Types of hysterectomy that every woman should know

Different types of hysterectomy that every woman should know

Overview

A womb is a place where the baby grows inside a woman. It is also known as the uterus. Often due to some complications, doctors have to remove the uterus. Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which a woman’s uterus is removed.

Reasons for Hysterectomy

A woman can often need a hysterectomy if she is suffering from any of the following conditions:

If you have uterine fibroids your doctor can recommend a hysterectomy to get rid of the pain, bleeding, or similar problems.

If you are suffering from uterine prolapse, which is the sliding of the uterus to the vagina from its natural position, your doctor can suggest a hysterectomy.

Other abnormal symptoms like thickening of the uterus, chronic pelvic pain, endometriosis, the abnormal vaginal structure of bleeding can also make your doctor suggest this procedure.

Cancer of the ovaries, cervix, or uterus can be cured using hysterectomy.

However, for the non-cancerous reasons hysterectomy is suggested only when there is no other option of treatment.

Types of Hysterectomy

Depending on your problem, the doctor can recommend a partial hysterectomy or a total hysterectomy which involves the complete or partial removal of the sex organs. Depending on this, there are three types of hysterectomy:

Supracervical Hysterectomy: In a supracervical hysterectomy, only the upper portion of the uterus is removed by the surgeon. Also known as subtotal hysterectomy, this procedure keeps the cervix in its place.

Total Hysterectomy: As the name suggests, this procedure involves the complete removal of the uterus and the cervix. It is generally done in women who have no plans for conceiving in the future as it removes the complete reproductive organs.

Radical Hysterectomy: Radical hysterectomy is done only when a patient is suffering from cancer. It involves the complete removal of the whole uterus, tissues on its sides, cervix, and the upper part of the vagina.

Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy-oophorectomy: Sometimes the ovaries are also removed along with the other organs. It involves the removal of the entire uterus, tubes, both the ovaries.

Depending on the complicacy of the patient’s situation, a surgeon can recommend open surgery hysterectomy, where a 5 to 7 inches incision is done across the belly to perform the operation.

MIP Hysterectomy is done through small incisions that are of multiple types like Vaginal hysterectomy, where the cut is made through the vagina, a laparoscopic hysterectomy, where a small incision is made in the belly or robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy.